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The Consumer Protection Bill, 2019 was introduced in Lok Sabha on July 8, 2019, which aims to provide the timely and effective administration and settlement of consumer disputes. The New Act sought to replace the more than three decades old Consumer Protection Act, 1986 (Act). The Consumer Protection Act,2019 came into force from 20th July 2020.

Under this new Act, besides general rules, there are Central Consumer Protection Council Rules, Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission Rules, Appointment of President & Members in State/District Commission Rules, Mediation Rules, Model Rules and ECommerce Rules and Consumer Commission Procedure Regulations, Mediation Regulations and Administrative control over State Commission & District Commission Regulations. The Consumer Protection Act, 2019 established the Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA) whose primary objective would be to promote, protect and enforce the rights of consumers.

Jurisdiction of Courts in Section 138 Negotiable Instruments Act, Cheque Bounce

The Negotiable Instruments (Amendment) Act, 2015 is focused on clarifying the jurisdiction related issues for filing cases for offence committed under section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881. The Negotiable Instruments (Amendment) Act, 2015, facilitates filing of cases only in a court within whose local jurisdiction the bank branch of the payee, where the payee delivers the cheque for payment through his account, is situated, except in case of bearer cheques, which are presented to the branch of the drawee bank and in that case the local court of that branch would get jurisdiction. The Negotiable Instruments (Amendment) Act, 2015 provides for retrospective validation for the new scheme of determining the jurisdiction of a court to try a case under section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881. The Negotiable Instruments (Amendment) Act, 2015 also mandates centralisation of cases against the same drawer.

Change in name in documents

Divorce under Hindu Marriage Act, 1955

The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 provides for 2 ways to obtain divorce from the spouse.

  1. Contested divorce under section 13 of the act.
  2. Mutual consent Divorce under section 13­B of the act.

Grounds of Divorce as per the Hindu Marriage Act : Adultery, Cruelty, Desertion, Conversion, Unsoundness of mind, Schizophrenia, Leprosy, Venereal disease, renunciation, entering new religious order, Presumption of death, non compliance with a decree of Judicial separation, non compliance with a decree of Restitution Conjugal Rights.


Date of registration & period of registration: For the purposes of renewal, the effective date of registration is the date of making of the application. The registration of trade mark is valid for a period of ten years (10 years) from the date of registration which may be renewed from time to time in accordance with the provisions of Trade Marks Act & Rule.


The Trade Marks Registry was established in India in 1940 and presently it administers the Trade Marks Act, 1999 and the rules thereunder. It acts as a resource and information centre and is a facilitator in matters relating to trade marks in the country. The objective of the Trade Marks Act, 1999 is to register trade marks applied for in the country and to provide for better protection of trade mark for goods and services and also to prevent fraudulent use of the mark. The main function of the Registry is to register trade marks which qualifies for registration under the Act and Rules.

Different types of trademarks that may be registered in India?

  • Any name (including personal or surname of the applicant or predecessor in business or the signature of the person), which is not unusual for trade to adopt as a mark.
  • An invented word or any arbitrary dictionary word or words, not being directly descriptive of the character or quality of the goods/service.
  • Letters or numerals or any combination thereof.
  • The right to proprietorship of a trademark may be acquired by either registration under the Act or by use in relation to particular goods or service.
  • Devices, including fancy devices or symbols
  • Monograms
  • Combination of colors or even a single color in combination with a word or device
  • Shape of goods or their packaging
  • Marks constituting a 3- dimensional sign.
  • Sound marks when represented in conventional notation or described in words by being graphically represented.

Check Availability- Revenue Department

Check Availability- Revenue Department

  1. Please get your e-stamp paper of correct value prepared by visiting the nearest Stock Holding Corporation of India Ltd.(SHCIL) centre or their Authorised Collection Centre(ACC). The address of nearest SHCIL/ACCs can be checked on the website .
  2. Please take appointment for visit to Sub-Registrar office on website of the Revenue Department ( or by approaching the Reception Desk/kiosk at the SubRegistrar Office.
  3. Please visit Reception at the appointed date & time alongwith your Appointment Slip/sms received in you mobile confirming the appointment/ computer generated appointment no. as reference.
  4. Please obtain your Swipe Card from Reception to enter Facilitation Center. Loss of Swipe Card may result in denial of access to Sub Registrar office.
  5. Please visit the Facilitation Counter in the hall when your token number is displayed on the screen.
  6. Please present your documents to Facilitator. Follow strictly the suggestion of Facilitator if certain changes are required in your documents. Upon clearance by Facilitator, please wait for your turn for presentation before Sub-Registrar along with all the parties required to be present.
  7. Upon acceptance by Sub-Registrar please proceed to the Biometric Division for finger printing & photographs. Collect your Receipt on completion of registration process.
  8. Please exit from the Exit door using your Swipe Card. Drop the Swipe Card at designated place only.
  9. Delivery of documents will be between 3 pm to 5 pm at Delivery Counter only